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Nina Buchmann

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Graduate Student Fellowship | 2022 - 2023 Academic Year

Discrimination and Violence against Women -- Evidence from Bangladesh

Gender and Equity

Women in Bangladesh struggle to access the labor market in general and male-dominated occupations in particular, despite recent progress in education and training. We complement a standard labor market model with other-regarding employer preferences and use a two-sided field experiment to identify paternalistic discrimination: the preferential hiring of male workers to protect female workers from jobs perceived as harmful or difficult. We observe real hiring and hiring decisions for a night-shift job in Bangladesh and experimentally vary employers' and applicants' perceptions of the costs of the job. Not informing employers or applicants about a safe transport amenity of the job reduces both the demand for and supply of female labor, leading to a compounding decrease in female workers. Combining the results of the two experiments in an equilibrium model, we demonstrate how increasing the perceived costs of the job reduces equilibrium female hiring and wages in our setting. Finally, we conduct a series of counterfactual analyses and estimate the degree to which paternalistic preferences restrict women’s labor potential and work readiness.

Nina Buchmann, Department of Economics 

Nina Buchmann

Nina Buchmann is a PhD student in economics at Stanford University. Buchmann's areas of interest include development economics and behavioral economics and she is particularly interested in issues related to gender, sexual assault and domestic violence. Prior to coming to Stanford, Buchmann worked as a research associate at JPAL/the Duke Development Lab and analyzed the impact of a large randomized control trial aiming to reduce child marriage and increase female empowerment in Bangladesh. She also worked as a consultant at the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development and the European Central Bank researching and evaluating the relationship between finance and development. Buchmann holds a BA in economics from Harvard University and an MA in development economics from Yale University.

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